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This documentation should be of interest to anyone seeking to read or write Ukrainian text on an Apple Macintosh computer.
With the advent of WorldScript software technology, the Apple Macintosh is capable of extensive and impressive multi-lingual abilities, and excels in managing Cyrillic text alongside Latin text.
We will discuss the Possibilities for Ukrainianization, including localizing an English operating system to work with Ukrainian text, and implementing a complete Ukrainian operating system.
The System Software required will be described, and the path to obtaining the Holy Grail of Ukrainianization will be revealed to the faithful!
DISCLAIMER: The author of this document is in no way affilliated with Apple Computer. Further, the author assumes no responsibility for unpredictable consequences resulting from the modifications suggested herein. However, the author will promise to experience deep feelings of guilt if said unpredictable consequences are negative.
Emphatic expressions of gratitude are rained down upon the following:
InfoMeister, Apple Computer, Inc., CDV Apple Ukraine, Max Pyziur, Sasha Golovin, Matvey Palchuk, L. Jake Jacobson, Monty Python, Gregorius Skovoroda, and, of course, Taras Shevchenko for making the whole project worth the trouble. Oh,and BU-BA-BU!
Ukrainianization of System Software.
English System + Ukrainian Read-Only
DescriptionThis is the simplest approach, in which the computer is enabled to read Ukrainian text. Obviously, the application of interest must be capable of reading Ukrainian text. Also, the user should be capable of reading Ukrainian text. Failing this, it's time to start studying.
There's nothing more to do once you've properly set up applications. These applications should now properly display both Latin and Cyrillic text.
English System + Ukrainian Read-WriteNow we will consider how to enable the Macintosh to read and write Ukrainian text. So, the application of interest must be capable of reading and writing Ukrainian text. Also, the user should be capable of reading and writing Ukrainian text. But you knew that already.
Reading Ukrainian text is now a simple matter in properly configured applications. One may have to choose a font in the proper encoding for a given text file.
To write in Ukrainian, one must choose a Ukrainian font in the desired encoding, and a Ukrainian keyboard in the same encoding. The keyboard is selected in the keyboard menu (the flag).
Full Ukrainian SystemThe truly obsessed may wish to have a full Ukrainian System. In such a configuration, every system menu and dialog box appears in Ukrainian! Obviously, this arrangement includes the capability of reading and writing Ukrainian in applications which support this function. Other applications will generally work as expected, supporting English as usual. In this author's experience, the Ukrainian implementation is beautiful, and the multi-lingual ability is seamless. The Ukrainian System is available in version 7.5, and includes a full set of fonts and software keyboard resources for English, Ukrainian, and Russian.
Apple Ukrainian system software, as well as hardware Cyrillic keyboards, and Ukrainian-localized versions of applications (such as 4th Dimension, ClarisWorks, and PageMaker) are produced by Apple Ukraine, now distributing their Ukrainian Macintosh products in North America via Software MacKiev (1-800-MAC-UKRAINE) and Yevshan (1-(800)-265-9858).
General InformationFor further information, please see the section on System Resources on the Russification of Macintosh server, courtesty of Matvey Palchuk.
Cyrillic ScriptThe Cyrillic script is a piece of System Software which allows the Macintosh to work with Cyrillic text. The script must be installed into the System file itself. There exist scripts for both Ukrainian and Russian Macintosh Operating Systems. This script must be installed if the user wishes to type Cyrillic text.
If one obtains either the Ukrainian or Russian operating system, a Cyrillic script is included. Otherwise, the freely available Russian script may be obtained from Apple via the Internet. This script will allow the user to work in both Russian and Ukrainian. Information on obtaining and installing the Russian script may be found here, at the Russification of Macintosh server.
Language Kit ExtensionThe Language Kit Extension is a System Extension, which allows the Macintosh Operating System to work simultaneously with multiple languages. That is, the Macintosh is enabled to work with multiple WorldScript script systems. In this case, we would like the System to utilize both the Roman script (for English and European languages) and the Cyrillic script.
Without this extension, the System can only work with a single script at a time, so that the Finder and dialog boxes will not correctly display Cyrillic text items in an English system.
Apple Standard Cyrillic FontsFor the Cyrillic script to work properly, Apple Standard Cyrillic Fonts must be installed. Anyway, you won't regret the acquisition of these fonts, as they are among the most beautiful Cyrillic fonts available!
Information on obtaining and installing these fonts may be found here, at the Russification of Macintosh server. Though these fonts are from the Apple Russian System, they also provide full support for the Ukrainian character set.
Software Keyboard ResourcesOne must install the necessary keyboard resource to permit typing in Cyrillic.
New!Transliterated keyboards created by Zenon M. Feszczak. These software keyboards were created for KOI8 and Apple Standard Cyrillic encodings. These keyboards allows typing in Ukrainian from a standard English keyboard.
There are subtle and ingenious design differences among the Lviv, Kyiv, and Poltava designs, and one is encouraged to spend hours attempting to decipher the political symbolism of the designs correlated with the respective Ukrainian city names. No guarantee is made, however, that such a symbolism exists as an objective, that is to say, immanent, design element.
In the Lviv design, for example, all punctuation characters have been preserved.
One accesses the additional Ukrainian characters via the Option key.
Depressing the Caps Lock key in all layouts switches to the Latin character set, for
typing in English (or Latin! Post hoc ergo propter hoc!).
These magical and mysterious keyboards can be freely downloaded from the infamous BRAMA archives.
To utilize Ukrainian in applications, one must first install the
appropriate system resources, as described in
Ukrainianization of System Software. The possible arrangements,
as determined by the capabilities desired (reading Ukrainian, or reading
and writing, or a full Ukrainian operation system) are discussed in the
Applications vary in their ability to handle Cyrillic text. In many cases, one simply needs to select a Cyrillic font for the given application. Often, however, the process is a bit more complicated and annoying. Tragically, some applications are completely incapable of handling Cyrillic text; pity them, show them compassion, and move on.
For detailed information on configuring various applications for Cyrillic, please see the Applications section of the Russification of Macintosh server.
The methods for Ukrainianization are generally identical to those for Russian localization, with this notable exception: The Ukrainian user must specify a Ukrainian font rather than a Russian font, wherever a font specification is called for. Obviously. Note that some fonts, such as the ER Fonts on this server, contain full character sets for Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
General Cyrillic Information
This document was compiled by:
Last update December 8, 1996