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Cyrillic Encodings
Introduction

Transliterated Ukrainian Cyrillic UPPER CASE
Transliterated Russian UPPER CASE (not occurring in Ukrainian)
Transliterated Belorussian UPPER CASE (not occurring in Ukrainian)
Transliterated Serbian & Macedonian UPPER CASE (not occurring in Ukrainian)

Transliterated Ukrainian Cyrillic lower-case
Transliterated Russian lower-case (not occurring in Ukrainian)
Transliterated Belorussian lower-case (not occurring in Ukrainian)
Transliterated Serbian & Macedonian lower-case (not occurring in Ukrainian)

Diacritics and other characters above ASCII 128

Introduction

The following is provided here at BRAMA-Ukrainian Gateway for those who are curious about the mappings of the various prevalent computer encodings for the Cyrillic alphabet. It (probably) is confusing as it is enlightening.

On computing systems, letters, characters and simple control functions (such as line feeds and tabs) are generally assigned any one of 256 numbers (or positions). Positions 0 through 127 are primarily used for Latin-derived characters (those letters used in English) and is known as ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange).

Letters with diacritics (such as those used in French) and other characters are mapped to positions 128 through 255. In addition, most encodings for various foreign languages which use non Latin-derived alphabets, including for Cyrillic, are mapped to this range.

Various encodings with cryptic names have come into use for Cyrillic over the last twenty years; no single one prevails over the others. Rather, each is used in a particular realm of computing. There is an encoding which prevails for Internet email and Usenet postings (KOI8), another is used on DOS-based systems (CP866), Macintosh systems tend to use what is know as Apple Standard Cyrillic; Windows systems favor CP1251, and mainframe systems are beginning to use ISO 8859-5.

A further confusing factor is that there are no strong compelling system-specific reasons for using one encoding over another in a computing realm. In other words, you can use KOI8 or CP1251 encodings for Internet email and any other number other computing applications. Encoding usage is governed more by convention than system concerns.

The tables which follow are compiled for those who might be interested in these various encodings; they show the accompanying position to the various Cyrillic letters and diacritics.

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Transliterated   KOI8    CP866  CP1251    MAC   ISO8859-5 PHONETIC
Ukrainian
UPPER CASE
A                 225     128     192     128      176       65
B                 226     129     193     129      177       66
V                 247     130     194     130      178       86
H                 231     131     195     131      179       72
G                 178     242     165     162      179       71
D                 228     132     196     132      180       68
E                 229     133     197     133      181       69
YE                180     244     170     184      164   89,101
ZH                246     134     198     134      182   90,104
Z                 250     135     199     135      183       90
Y                 233     136     200     136      184       89
I                 182     246     178     167      166       73
YI                183     248     175     186      167   89,105
j'                234     137     201     137      185    74,39
K                 235     138     202     138      186       75
L                 236     139     203     139      187       76
M                 237     140     204     140      188       77
N                 238     141     205     141      189       78
O                 239     142     206     142      190       79
P                 240     143     207     143      191       80
R                 242     144     208     144      192       82
S                 243     145     209     145      193       83
T                 244     146     210     146      194       84
U                 245     147     211     147      195       85
F                 230     148     212     148      196       70
KH                232     149     213     149      197   75,104
TS                227     150     214     150      198   84,115
CH                254     151     215     151      199   67,104
SH                251     152     216     152      200   83,104
SCH               253     153     217     153      201 83,99,104
YU                224     158     222     158      206   89,117
YA                241     159     223     159      207    89,97
'                 248     156     220     156      204       39


Transliterated   KOI8    CP866  CP1251    MAC   ISO8859-5 PHONETIC
Russian       
YO                179     240     168     221      161
HARD SIGN         255     154     218     154      202
YERY              249     155     219     155      203
REVERSE E         252     157     221     157      205


Belorussian
SHORT Y           188     250     161     216      174

Serbian SOFT D                    128     171      165
Macedonian SOFT G                 129     174      163
Macedonian ZELO                   189     193      175
Serbian, Macedonian JE            163     183      168
Serbian, Macedonian SOFT L        138     188      169
Serbian, Macedonian SOFT N        140     190      170
Serbian SOFT T                    142     203      171
Macedonian SOFT K                 141     205      172
Serbian HARD DJ                   143     218      162


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Transliterated KOI8 CP866 CP1251 MAC ISO8859-5 PHONETIC ukrainian smalls a 193 160 224 224 208 97 b 194 161 225 225 209 98 v 215 162 226 226 210 118 h 199 163 227 227 211 104 g 177 243 180 182 211 103 d 196 164 228 228 212 100 e 197 165 229 229 213 101 ye 164 245 186 185 244 121,101 zh 214 166 230 230 214 122,104 z 218 167 231 231 215 122 y 201 168 232 232 216 121 i 166 247 179 180 246 105 yi 167 249 191 187 247 121,105 j' 202 169 233 233 217 106,39 k 203 170 234 234 218 107 l 204 171 235 235 219 108 m 205 172 236 236 220 109 n 206 173 237 237 221 110 o 207 174 238 238 222 111 p 208 175 239 239 223 112 r 210 224 240 240 224 114 s 211 225 241 241 225 115 t 212 226 242 242 226 116 u 213 227 243 243 227 117 f 198 228 244 244 228 102 kh 200 229 245 245 229 120,104 ts 195 230 246 246 230 116,115 ch 222 231 247 247 231 99,104 sh 219 232 248 248 232 115,104 sch 221 233 249 249 233 115,99,10 yu 192 238 254 254 238 121,117 ya 209 239 255 223 239 122,97 ' 216 236 252 252 236 39 Transliterated KOI8 CP866 CP1251 MAC ISO8859-5 PHONETIC Russian yo 163 241 184 222 241 hard sign 223 234 250 250 234 yeru 217 235 251 251 235 reverse e 220 237 253 253 237 Belorussian short y 189 251 162 217 254 Serbian soft d 144 172 245 Macedonian soft g 131 175 243 Macedonian zelo 190 207 255 Serbian, Macedonian je 188 192 248 Serbian, Macedonian soft l 154 189 249 Serbian, Macedonian soft n 156 191 250 Serbian soft t 158 204 251 Macedonian soft k 157 206 252 Serbian hard dj 159 219 242 DIACRITICS ABOVE 128 KOI8 CP866 CP1251 MAC ISO8859-5 PHONETIC comma 130 double comma 132 215 ellipsis 133 201 cross 134 160 double cross 135 strange percent 137 single ee left quote 139 up apostrophe 145 212 down apostrophe 146 213 dbl up quotes 147 210 dbl dn quotes 148 211 medium bullet 149 medium dash 150 208 long dash 151 209 trademark 153 170 single ee right quote 155 life raft 164 255 dbl vertical 166 diacrictic 167 164 copyright 169 169 short dash 173 trademark 2 174 168 degree 176 161 plus/minus 177 177 mu 181 181 paragraph 182 166 253 small bullet 183 165 number sign 190 252 185 220 240 dbl ee left quote 253 171 199 dbl ee right quote 254 187 200 uk pound 163 infinity 176 not equal to 173 section 164 less than/equal to 178 greater than/equal to 179 bracket 194 check mark 195 eff 196 approx equal to 197 delta 198

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