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    BRAMA News and Community Press

    BRAMA, Apr 26, 2007, 1:00 am ET

    На вічну пам'ять

    Чорнобиль - Chornobyl
    April 26, 1986

    Japanese Peace Bell tolls
    3 times for Chornobyl

    Chornobyl - City (1971 pop 10,000), raion center in Kiev oblast [Ukraine], port on the Prypiat River in Kievan Polisia. Before 1917 Chornobyl was an autonomous ('zastatne') town in Radomyshl county with a population employed in agriculture and small trades. The city has experienced periods of decline: in 1897 it had 9,300 inhabitants, while in 1926 it had 9,000. The main industry is food processing, but the city also has a pig-iron foundry and ship-repair base. Since 1972, a nuclear power plant has been located there. Chornobyl was first mentioned in 1193.

    - Encyclopedia of Ukraine, 1985

    Chornobyl is the correct transliteration from the Ukrainian name. Chernobyl is transliterated from the Russian language.

    The pre-dawn accident on April 26, 1986 sent a cloud that rained radiation over much of Europe and contaminated large areas in then-Soviet Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

    According to Ukrainian government figures, more than 4,000 of those who took part in the hasty and poorly organized Soviet cleanup effort have died, and more than 70,000 Ukrainians were fully disabled by the disaster.

    Overall, about 3.4 million of Ukraine's 50 million people, including about 1.26 million children, are considered affected by Chernobyl. Of them, 400,000 adults and nearly 1.1 million children are entitled to state aid for Chernobyl-linked health problems.

    -- AP/Yahoo, 04/26/2000

    December 14, 2000
    NPR Online

    Chernobyl Closure
    Alex Kleimenov reports from Ukraine on the closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power station, more than 14 years after the world's worst nuclear accident there. The last remaining reactor shut down today, one day ahead of schedule. For most people, the name Chernobyl will forever be associated with the explosion and fire that killed dozens of workers in the immediate aftermath and caused thousands of cases of cancer. But for the people in the nearby town of Slavutich, it the power plant been a faithful employer. High quality housing, good salaries and other amenities have made Slavutich something of a workers' paradise, and residents say it's been worth the health risk to live there. (4:00)

    Chornobyl Timeline

    Aug, 1977 The Soviet Union launches Chernobyl's reactor Number One
    May, 1979 Chernobyl starts operating reactor Number Two
    Jun, 1981 Reactor Number Three is put into operation
    Apr, 1984 Reactor Number Four is started up
    1985 Serious nuclear accident in the Number One reactor; Soviet nuclear officials give no details of the accident/
    April 26, 1986 A test of the emergency equipment went awry and a series of explosions led to a nuclear core meltdown in Chornobyl reactor #4. The resulting radioactive cloud of dust spread over Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and other parts of Europe. The other 3 reactors are shut down.
    Nov 5, 1986 Reactor Number Two is restarted
    Nov, 1986 Hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilian experts construct a cover, known as the sarcophagus, above the destroyed reactor.
    End 1986 Reactor Numbers 1 and 3 restarted
    Oct, 1991 Fire in reactor #2 forces station officials to shut it down.
    Nov, 1996 Lifespan of reactor #1 expires, and it is shut down.
    Apr, 2000 Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma says Chernobyl's last operating reactor Number Three will be shut down by the end of the year.
    Dec 15, 2000 Chernobyl shut down for good.
    Apr, 2001 International Chernobyl sarcophagus plan (Shelter Implementation Plan) at the Chernobyl nuclear power station raising funds to rebuild the outer protective shell of reactor #4.
    Apr 6, 2005 President Viktor Yushchenko appeals to the U.S. Congress for aid to erect a new shelter over the destroyed reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

    Links to photographs and detailed information about the Chornobyl/Chernobyl disaster and it's aftermath:
  • Google Map: Pripyat - Chernobyl
  • Abandoned town Pripyat - Chernobyl
  • Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Photoarchive: UNIAN
  • My Journey to Chernobyl: 20 Years After the Disaster. An article by Mark Resnicoff
  • MFR photoblog: abandoned village in Chornobyl
  • The United Nations and Chernobyl
  • Apr 25 04 - Desovietizing post-Chornobyl Ukraine
  • International Chernobyl Research Information Network
  • Apr 24 04 - Chornobyl and Three Mile Island anniversaries are reminders of the risks of nuclear power and the need to shift to sustainable energy sources
  • Chornobyl images & maps
  • Children of Chornobyl Relief Fund (CCRF)
  • Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
  • Chernobyl: The Accident and Progress Since 1986 (World Nuclear Association)
  • Dr. Meshkati's Page on Chernobyl
  • InfoCenter Chornobyl (UKR)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): One Decade After Chernobyl (Conference Report)
  • [PDF] Greenpeace: Chernobyl Health Report 2006
  • Chernobyl: Assessment of Radiological and Health Impacts
  • Library of Congress: Chernobyl
  • RadEFX(sm) Radiation Health Effects Research Resource
  • RasaNet: Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident
  • Thyroid Cancer 7.5 years after Chernobyl, soaring
  • Time Magazine Photo Essay: Chernobyl's Unnatural Disaster (Dec. 2000)
  • Chernobyl 10 years later: a threat to the future (CNN)

  • <<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>>

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    Joe Biden: Don’t tell us. Show us, President Putin. 2/7/2015 Munich Security Conference

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    Timothy Snyder: Ukrainian History, European Future. Timothy D. Snyder is a well-known historian and professor of history at Yale University. Speaking at the National University 'Kyiv-Mohyla Academy' on May 15, 2014 on deep connection and strong bonds between Ukrainian and European history.

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