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    BRAMA News and Community Press

    BRAMA, Apr 19, 2011, 9:00 am ET

    Чорнобиль - Chornobyl
    April 26, 1986


    Chornobyl events taking place in New York City

    Chornobyl events taking place in Philadelphia


    The Spelling of Chornobyl
    International Nuclear Safety Program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
    insp.pnnl.gov

    With Ukraine becoming independent from the former Soviet Union, the Ukrainian government has set about to reestablish its own language and original spellings. Two of the most noticeable differences are Chornobyl (Ukrainian spelling) and Chernobyl (Russian spelling); and Kyiv (Ukrainian spelling) and Kiev (Russian spelling).

    Our spelling change was made at the request of Ukraine government officials with whom we work. We also have several members of our INSP staff who are living and working in either Slavutych or Kyiv, Ukraine; and we have several Ukraine citizens working on the INSP program in the United States. All of these individuals have expressed the need to change our spelling to the Ukraine (English) spelling, and not the former Russian (English) spelling.

    In addition, the U.S. Department of State, at the request of the Ukraine government, advised our offices in August 1997 to change to the preferred spelling of the country in which the city or nuclear power plant is located. At that point, we changed our web-site spelling to Ukraine's preference, which is Chornobyl.


    Japanese Peace Bell (United Nations)
    tolls three times for Chornobyl



    Chornobyl - City (1971 pop 10,000), raion center in Kiev oblast [Ukraine], port on the Prypiat River in Kievan Polisia. Before 1917 Chornobyl was an autonomous ('zastatne') town in Radomyshl county with a population employed in agriculture and small trades. The city has experienced periods of decline: in 1897 it had 9,300 inhabitants, while in 1926 it had 9,000. The main industry is food processing, but the city also has a pig-iron foundry and ship-repair base. Since 1972, a nuclear power plant has been located there. Chornobyl was first mentioned in 1193.

    - Encyclopedia of Ukraine, 1985

    The pre-dawn accident on April 26, 1986 sent a cloud that rained radiation over much of Europe and contaminated large areas in then-Soviet Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

    According to Ukrainian government figures, more than 4,000 of those who took part in the hasty and poorly organized Soviet cleanup effort have died, and more than 70,000 Ukrainians were fully disabled by the disaster.

    Overall, about 3.4 million of Ukraine's 50 million people, including about 1.26 million children, are considered affected by Chernobyl. Of them, 400,000 adults and nearly 1.1 million children are entitled to state aid for Chernobyl-linked health problems.

    -- AP/Yahoo, 04/26/2000

    December 14, 2000
    NPR Online
    ALL THINGS CONSIDERED

    Chernobyl Closure
    Alex Kleimenov reports from Ukraine on the closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power station, more than 14 years after the world's worst nuclear accident there. The last remaining reactor shut down today, one day ahead of schedule. For most people, the name Chernobyl will forever be associated with the explosion and fire that killed dozens of workers in the immediate aftermath and caused thousands of cases of cancer. But for the people in the nearby town of Slavutich, it the power plant been a faithful employer. High quality housing, good salaries and other amenities have made Slavutich something of a workers' paradise, and residents say it's been worth the health risk to live there. (4:00)


    Chornobyl Timeline

    Aug, 1977 The Soviet Union launches Chernobyl's reactor Number One
    May, 1979 Chernobyl starts operating reactor Number Two
    Jun, 1981 Reactor Number Three is put into operation
    Apr, 1984 Reactor Number Four is started up
    1985 Serious nuclear accident in the Number One reactor; Soviet nuclear officials give no details of the accident/
    April 26, 1986 A test of the emergency equipment went awry and a series of explosions led to a nuclear core meltdown in Chornobyl reactor #4. The resulting radioactive cloud of dust spread over Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and other parts of Europe. The other 3 reactors are shut down.
    Nov 5, 1986 Reactor Number Two is restarted
    Nov, 1986 Hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilian experts construct a cover, known as the sarcophagus, above the destroyed reactor.
    End 1986 Reactor Numbers 1 and 3 restarted
    Oct, 1991 Fire in reactor #2 forces station officials to shut it down.
    Nov, 1996 Lifespan of reactor #1 expires, and it is shut down.
    Apr, 2000 Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma says Chernobyl's last operating reactor Number Three will be shut down by the end of the year.
    Dec 15, 2000 Chernobyl shut down for good.
    Apr, 2001 International Chernobyl sarcophagus plan (Shelter Implementation Plan) at the Chernobyl nuclear power station raising funds to rebuild the outer protective shell of reactor #4.
    Apr 6, 2005 President Viktor Yushchenko appeals to the U.S. Congress for aid to erect a new shelter over the destroyed reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

    Links to photographs and detailed information about the Chornobyl/Chernobyl disaster and it's aftermath:
  • GOOGLE SEARCH TERMS 'CHERNOBYL' and 'CHORNOBYL'
  • Chernobyl disaster [Wikipedia]
  • April 11, 2011 UN Webcast: Chernobyl 1986
  • Chernobyl Accident
  • The United Nations and Chernobyl
  • Apr 25 04 - Desovietizing post-Chornobyl Ukraine
  • International Chernobyl Research Information Network
  • Apr 24 04 - Chornobyl and Three Mile Island anniversaries are reminders of the risks of nuclear power and the need to shift to sustainable energy sources
  • Chornobyl images & maps
  • Children of Chornobyl Relief and Development Fund (CCRDF)
  • Dr. Meshkati's Page on Chernobyl
  • InfoCenter Chornobyl (UKR)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): Frequently Asked Chernobyl Questions
  • Chernobyl: Assessment of Radiological and Health Impacts
  • Library of Congress: Chernobyl
  • RadEFX(sm) Radiation Health Effects Research Resource
  • RasaNet: Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident
  • Thyroid Cancer 7.5 years after Chernobyl, soaring
  • Time Magazine Photo Essay: Chernobyl's Unnatural Disaster (Dec. 2000)
  • Chernobyl 10 years later: a threat to the future (CNN)


  • <<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>><<>>=<<>>

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