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    GENERAL: Area, Geography, Population
        1. AREA OF UKRAINE
        2. POPULATION
        3. POPULATION BY ETHNIC GROUP
        4. POPULATION BY ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS (OBLASTS)
        5. POPULATION BY PRINCIPAL TOWNS
        6. GEOGRAPHY, CLIMATE, TIME, LANGUAGE AND FLAG
        7. PUBLIC HOLIDAYS and WEIGHTS & MEASURES
    The following is a some general information about Ukraine, including items on the country's area, geography and population. This item draws extensively on material from publications from the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and Jane's publications. Please report any errors of commission and omission which you may notice to Max Pyziur at admin@brama.com.
    Updated 8/18/95

    AREA
    Area
    Square Kilometers603,700
    Square Miles233,090
    Land Use
    cropland56%
    permanent pasture14%
    other (mostly urban)30%
    Coastline (miles)1,729
    Land Borders (miles)2,832

    POPULATION
    Population Distribution: urban (1991)68.0%
    Population Growth Rate: per year (1992)0.2%
    Census Results
    1/17/7949,754,642
    1/12/89
    Males23,959,000
    Females27,745,000
    Total51,704,000
    Official Estimate at 1/1
    199151,944,000
    199252,057,000
    Density (per sq km)86.2
    (per sq mi)223.0

    POPULATION BY ETHNIC GROUP
    (permanent inhabitants, census of 1/12/89) ('000)%
    Ukrainian37,419.172.7
    Russian11,355.622.1
    Jewish486.30.9
    Belarussian440.00.9
    Moldovan324.50.6
    Bulgarian233.80.5
    Polish219.20.4
    Hungarian163.10.3
    Romanian134.80.3
    Greek98.60.2
    Tatar86.90.2
    Roma (Gypsy)47.90.1
    Crimean Tatar46.80.1
    Armenian38.60.1
    Others356.80.7
    Total51,452.0100.0

    POPULATION BY ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS (OBLASTS)
    With the exception of Crimea and Transcarpathia, the names of regions are given in transliterated Ukrainian, with the Russian version in parentheses where it differs. The figures for Kyiv are combined for both the metropolitan area as well as the Kyiv region, although they are administered separately.
    Regions Area ('000) Sq km Population ('000) 1/1/91 Density (per sq km)
    Cherkasy (Cherkassy)20.9 1,530.973.2
    Chernihiv (Chernigov)31.9 938.644.1
    Chernivtsi (Chernovtsy)8.1 1,405.8115.6
    Dnipropetrovsk (Dnepropetrovsk)31.9 3,908.7122.5
    Donetsk26.55,346.7 201.8
    Ivano-Frankivsk (Ivano Frankovsk)13.9 1,442.9103.8
    Kharkiv (Kharkov)31.4 3,194.8101.7
    Kherson28.5 1,258.744.2
    Khmelnytskyi (Khmelnitsky)20.6 1,520.673.8
    Kyiv (Kiev)28.9 4,589.8158.8
    Kirovohrad (Kirovograd)24.6 1,245.350.6
    Luhansk (Lugansk)29.7 2,871.1107.5
    Lviv (Lvov)21.8 2,764.4126.8
    Mikolaiv (Nikolayev)24.6 1,342.454.6
    Odesa (Odessa)33.3 2,635.379.1
    Poltava28.8 1,756.961.0
    Rivne (Rovno)20.1 1,176.858.5
    Sumy23.8 1,430.260.1
    Ternopil (Ternopol)13.8 1,175.185.2
    Transcarpathia12.8 1,265.998.9
    Vinnytsia (Vinnitsa)26.5 1,914.472.2
    Volyn (Volin)20.2 1,069.052.9
    Zaporizhzhia (Zaporozhye)27.2 2,099.677.2
    Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)29.9 1,510.750.5
    Republic of Crimea27.0 2,549.894.4
    Total603.751,944.4 86.0

    POPULATION BY PRINCIPAL TOWNS
    Where possible, the names of towns are given in transliterated Ukrainian, with the Russian version in parentheses where it differs. Mariupol was known as Zhdanov from 1948 to 1989. Luhansk was known as Voroshilovgrad from 1935 to 1958 and from 1970 to 1989. (estimated population at 1/1/90)
    Kyiv (Kiev, capital)2,616,000
    Kharkiv (Kharkov)1,618,000
    Dnipropetrovsk (Dnepropetrovsk)1,187,000
    Donetsk1,117,000
    Odesa (Odessa)1,106,000
    Zaporizhzhia (Zaporozhye)891,000
    Lviv (Lvov)798,000
    Kryvyvi Rih (Krivoi Rog)717,000
    Mariupol520,000
    Mikolaiv (Nikolayev)508,000
    Luhansk (Lugansk)501,000
    Makayevka427,000
    Vinnytsia (Vinnitsa)379,000
    Kherson361,000
    Sevastopol361,000
    Simferopol349,000
    Gorlovka338,000
    Poltava317,000
    Chernihiv (Chernigov)301,000
    Cherkasy (Cherkassy)297,000
    Sumy296,000
    Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)296,000
    Dniprodzerzhynsk (Dneprodzerzhinsk)284,000
    Kirovohrad (Kirovograd)274,000
    Chernivtsi (Chernovtsy)257,000
    Khemelnytskyi (Khmelnitsky)241,000
    Kremenchug238,000
    Rivne (Rovno)233,000
    Ivano-Frankivsk (Ivano-Frankovsk)220,000
    Ternopil (Ternopol)212,000
    Lutsk204,000

    GEOGRAPHY, CLIMATE, TIME, LANGUAGE AND FLAG
    Ukraine is situated in east-central Europe. It is bordered by Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova to the west, by Belarus to the north and by the Russian Federation to the north-east and east. To the south lie the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The capital is Kyiv.

    The climate in Ukraine is temperate, with the Black Sea coastal region experiencing milder winters. In Kyiv, temperatures range from about 21 degrees F in January to about 69 degrees F in July. Annual precipitation averages 24.2 inches/615 millimeters in Kyiv. Droughts are not infrequent in southern areas.

    The time in Kyiv is 7 hours later than US Eastern Standard, 2 hours later than Greenwich Mean. As of April 1997 Ukraine covers one time zone.

    The official state language is Ukrainian, an Eastern Slavonic language written in Cyrillic script. Russian, Romanian, Polish and Hungarian are also spoken.

    The national flag (proportions 3 by 2) has two equal stripes, of blue over yellow.


    PUBLIC HOLIDAYS and WEIGHTS & MEASURES
    PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
    New Year's DayJanuary 1-2
    ChristmasJanuary 7
    Women's DayMarch 8
    Spring & Labour DayMay 1-2
    Victory DayMay 9
    Independence DayAugust 24
    WEIGHTS & MEASURES
    The metric system is used.

    | Top of page |

    Submissions, enhancements and corrections are greatly welcomed.
    These documents are compiled and maintained by BRAMA, Inc.

    Last update December 9, 1996


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